The first shot of the Texas Revolution was fired at the Battle of Gonzales on Oct. 2, 1835. On March 2, 1836, the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico was adopted at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. The war ended in April 1836 when Santa Anna was captured at San Jacinto and forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco.
Battle of Gonzales – Come and Take It
Mexican authorities gave the small bronze cannon to colonists in Gonzales in 1831 for protection against Comanche raids. In 1835, after four years of political unrest, the commander of Mexican troops in Texas requested that the cannon be returned. When the colonists refused, troops were sent to Gonzales to retrieve the cannon. After telling the Mexican troops to “Come and Take It,” the colonists fired a shot from the cannon and the Mexican troops immediately withdrew to San Antonio.
Battle of Goliad – 2nd Skirmish of the Texas Revolution
In the early-morning hours of Oct. 9, 1835 — within days of the victory at Gonzales — rebellious Texas settlers attached the Mexican army soldiers at the Presidio La Bahia near Goliad. Using axes borrowed from townspeople, Texians were able to chop through a door and enter the complex before the bulk of the soldiers were aware of their presence. After a 30-minute battle, the Mexican garrison, under Colonel Juan López Sandoval, surrendered1
Presidio La Bahía is located one mile south of Goliad, Texas on U.S. Highway 183 (77A). Presidio La Bahia was established at this location in 1749, with Mission Espíritu Santo.
Visitors who don’t mind an occasional ghost sighting can spend the night in the Presidio La Bahio in an apartment that was originally part of the officers’ quarters. Visit the Presidio La Bahia’s website for more information and photos of the apartments.
Goliad Massacre – Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836
Outnumbered by Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto near Goliad and led to believe that they would be released into the United States, Colonel James Fannin surrendered. After being held prisoner for one week, Fannin’s men were told to gather up their things . They were divided into separate groups and executed by the Mexican soldiers. The Texans were formally buried more than two months later and a monument was dedicated in 1938.
- Timeline of the Texas Revolution – Wikipedia
- Battle of Gonzales – Wikipedia (Oct. 2, 1835)
- Gonzales Memorial Museum
- Texas Declaration of Independence (March 2, 1836)
- Presidio La Bahia – Goliad
- Goliad Massacre – Wikipedia
- Goliad Massacre – Texas Historical Association
- Goliad Massacre